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Monuments of Karimnagar

S.No Name of the Monument Village Mandal Period
1 Stone Circle Atur Huzurabad 10th —9thC.B.C
2 Group of Temples Nagunur Karimnagar - Rural 13thCE

Group of temples

The temples, mutilated images and several inscriptions are found here and the region speaks of the one-time glory of the place. In the inscriptions the village is known as Nagaruru. It was a prominent centre of political and religious activities for about four centuries under the Chalukyas of Vemulawada, Western Chalukyas of Kalyani and Kakatiyas of Warangal. The village appears to have contained at one time a mud fort around it, the traces of which can be noticed even today.

The Group of Temples at Nagunur are: The main Trikuta temple, a single shrine to the north of Trikuta temple, temple next to single shrine templ, Vaishnava temple situated to the north-east of the main Trikuta temple,the temple beside the hill Ramalinga gudi 1 Trikuta temple beside the PWD road, and the temple in the midst of the village.

Main Trikuta temple: The temple is cruciform according to plan. It is a triple shrine with a square hall in the centre, three shrines projecting to the east, west and south and a porch projecting to the north. It staIds on an upapitha. The upapitha has sufficient space all around the temple, which serves as Pradakdshinapatha. The upapitha and adhistana contain a number of small mouldings. How to Reach

3 Trikuta Temple Kothapalli Kothapally 13th CE

Trikuta temple

A dilapidated Trikuta temple in typical Kakatiya style is found in the village. This temple is similar in style to the main Trikuta temple at Nagunuru village and Thousand pillar temple at Hanamkonda.

The temple stands on an upapitha which serves the purpose of pradakshinapatha. It is divided into horizontal mouldings. The temple faces south. It consists of a square mandapa with three shrines towards the east, west and north. Each shrine consists of garbhagriha and antarala with beautifully carved doorways. The perforated screen windows are arranged on either side of the antarala doorways and figures of dancers are carved on lintel. A parapet runs around the hall on which the miniature shrines are arranged, similar to the Ramappa temple.

4 Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple Bejjanki Bejjanki 13th C.A.D

Lakshmi Narasimha swamy temple

5 Fort Jammikunta Huzurabad 12th-13th C.B.C
6 Malang Shah's Dargah Mulangur Kesavapatnam 18th C.A.D
7 Hill Fort Mulangur Kesavapatnam 16th-17th C.A.D.
8 Shiva Temple & Inscriptions Bornapalle Huzurabad 13th-14th CE

Shiva Temple & Inscriptions

The Shiva temple consisting of garbhagriha, antarala and mandapa is located in the village. It has undergone complete renovation with a new entrance surmounted by Shivalinga. Mutilated sculptures such as saptamatrukas and dancing figures are kept in temple premises.

9 Shiva Temples Godisala - Upparapalli V. Saidapur 13th CE.

Shiva Temples

According to an inscription located in the temple complex, Kataya, the son of Rajanayaka, during the period of Kakatiya Ganapathideva set up temples for Shiva, excavated tanks and laid gardens and granted village Pincharapalli to the deity Panchalinga for the worship in 1236 AD. Agift of some land by Ganapathideva is also recorded.

The Temples: Three temples are located within a stone prakara. The main temple i.e. Trikuta temple here has three shrines. Each shrine has a grabhagriha and antarala located on north, west and southern sides with a common mandapa facing east. All the three shrines are dedicated to Shiva in the form of a Linga. The other two temples are located side by side with common mandapa. To the northeast of Trikuta temple there is a koneru (Tank).

10 Megalithic Burials Mulangur Kesavapatnam 10th C.B.C
11 Megalithic Burials Singapur Huzurabad 10th C.B.C
12 Megalithic Bizigiri Jammikunta 10th C.B.C
13 Fort and Mosque Jagtial Jagtial 18th CE

Fort & Mosque(Built for Zafaruddin by French Engineers)

The Qiladar of Elgandal, Mubarizul Mulk Zafaruddaula Mirza Ibrahim Khan Dhonsa had built a fort at Jagityal in 1747 CE with the technical advice of the French engineers.

It is a star shaped fort built in lime and stone and partially in lime and brick. This is a land fort built in a vast area of open land. The fort is surrounded by a deep ditch which is always filled with water. Behind the main entrance gate, there is a passage of about 3 feet width with steps that lead to the moat. This is the only fort seen in the Deccan with a moat always containing water in it.

As seen from the moat, the high walls of the fort are built in lime and stone up to half level and the remaining half is built in lime and brick. About half a dozen rooms are built in stone for storing ammunition. There is a big koneru (step well) within the fort with steps to reach the water from both the sides. There are 41 small and big cannons found in the basement. All the cannons feature the name of - Muhammad Quasim inscribed on them in Urdu.

14 Pratapagiri Fort (Built by Raja Pratap Rudra of Warangal) pratapagiri Mahadevpur 13th C.A.D

pratapagiri fort (Built by Raja PratapRudra of Warangal)

15 Group of Temples Manthani Manthani 13 thCE

Group of Temples

Manthani in Karimnagar District, played an important role in the religious history of the Kakatiyas. In the inscriptions the place has been referred to as Mantrakuta. Gangadhara in his inscription says that he established in the excellent city of Mantra-kuta, a temple for the three-eyed god. Mantrakuta or Manthani was a great seat of Vedic learning from the times immemorial.

It is said that Aadi Shankaracharya (788 — 820 A.D.), who visited Mantrakuta, was pleased to see the ceaseless recitation of Vedic Mantras in the village and recognized it as a Dharma-Pitham. This place is considered to be a holy spot as sage Gautama had performed his meditation here.

The following six important temples are located in Manthani:- 1)Sileshvaragudi, 2)Shivalayam, 3)Mahalakshmi temple, 4)Omkalisvaragudi, 5)Laxminarayana temple and 6)Gowthameswara temple.

Among the above temples the largest temple is Sileshvaragudi which has a Sikhara resembling that of South Indian temples. There is an inscribed pillar attached to this temple. This inscription is in Nagari script and refers to Kakatiya ruler Ganapathideva.

16 Ramagiri Fort Begumpet Kamanpur 15th CE

Ramagiri Fort

A fort on Ramagiri hillocks is located near Begumpet village in Kamanpur mandal near the PWD road leading to Manthani. This famous fort built in stone with several bastions is spread over a very large area of several kilometers. The Ramagiri hill with its vast area is known for its beautiful natural surroundings with rare species of plants and several kinds of medicinal roots. The fort played an important role from the early times to the period of AsafJahis.

The fort was under the control of Gundaraja of Manthani and Edaraja of Ramagundam. They were defeated by the Kakati Prola II and the entire area of Polavasa, Manthani and Ramagundam were under the control of Kakatiyas. After the fall of Kakatiyas, Musunuri Kapayanayaka occupied Orugallu and appointed Muppabhupala as the ruler of Sabbinadu with his capital at Ramagiri during 14th Century A.D. The Bahamani Sultan Ahmed Shah I (1422-1436 A.D.) invaded Telangana region in 1433 A.D. and occupied the Ramagiri fort. After Qutb Shahis of Golconda dynasty, the fort was under the control of Mughals and finally Asaf Jahis and their Deshmukhs.

There are many important structures on the hill fort viz. Sitaramalayam, Ramasthapita (installed by Rama) Lingam, the footprints of Rama and Janakimata, Sitaram Kolanu (Well), mosques, tombs and a good number of wells. Asvasala (Horse stable) Gajasala (Elephant stable), Cherasala (prison), Durbar hall (Royal court), cannons and cannon balls etc., are also located on the hillock.

17 Siva (Trikuta) Temple Jangaon - Addagutta Ramagundam 13th CE

Siva (Trikuta) Temple

There is a beautiful Trikuta temple facing North in Jangaon village, Addagutta area near Godavarikhani. All the three shrines here are dedicated to Siva. The special feature of the mandapa in the center of the temple is that it contains a cluster of four pillars in each corner. Thus there are sixteen pillars in the centre of the mandapa. The pillars are beautifully carved and decorated with lion brackets. The special feature of the temple is closed outer pradakshanapatha.

To the west of this temple, there is another ruined temple with a garbhagriha and a mukhamandapa.

To the North of this main temple on the other side of the road, there is another Trikuta temple. The existence of two Trikuta temples reveals the prominence of this place during the Chalukya and Kakatiya times. These are the classical examples of Kakatiya school of Art, bearing beautiful figures of Salabhanjikas.

18 Shiva Temple Gudimettapally - Kundagal Sultanabad 13th CE

Shiva Temple

The temple consists of Garbhagriha, Arthamandapa and pillared mandapa, as well as central four pillars with rangasila and ten short pillars on kakshasana with an entrance on southern side. In Garbhagriha, a Siva Linga, facing east is enshrined. This is a typical temple having the entrance on southern side with a flight of steps with ornamental balustrade, whereas the Linga is in the shrine which is located on Western side. Purnakumbha motifs are carved on either side of the door jambs of Garbhagriha. A typical Kakatiya Nandi carved in black basalt is kept in the mandapa facing Siva Linga. On stylistic grounds this temple can be dated back to 13th Century A.D.

19 Temples and Sculptures Peddampet Peddapalli 17th CE

Temples and Sculptures

To the south of Peddampet village, there is a hillock known as Peddadevulla gutta. The hillock appears to have contained at one time a beautiful temple, the ruins of which can be noticed to this day. Only broken Nandi figures, pillars and door jambs are see here.

20 Shiva Temple Anapuram Vemulawada - Rural 13th C.A.D

Shiva Temple

On the northern bank of Manair river there is a beautiful Shiva temple dating back to Chalukya period lying between Manair river on one side and the hills on other side. This temple is locally known as Ramalingeswara temple. This single shrine temple consists of garbhagriha, antarala and sixteen-pillared mandapa built with large blocks of stone. Adjacent to this temple, there is another ruined shrine.

21 Ananthagiri Fort Ananthagiri Ellanthakunta 14th C.A.D

Ananthagiri fort

Ananthagiri fort is situated in the outskirts of Ananthagiri village on a hillock in Illanthakunta Mandal. This historical fort built in stone with several bastions on the hill, played an important role from medieval period to the period of the Asaf Jahis. There are ruined fortification walls and two water tanks on the hill with entrance gates. There is a ruined Vishnu (in the form of Anantha) temple on the hillock. Since Vishnu is in the form of Anantha in this temple, this fort is known as "Ananthagiri".

22 Two Temples Siricilla Siricilla 18th-19th C.A.D

Two temples

Sircilla once ruled by Chalukyas of Vemulawada is an important town. There are a number of temples of historical importance located in this town, of which the Venkateswaralayam and Sivalayam are important, dating back to 18th -19th Century A.D.

Venkateswaralayam: This is a single shrine temple dedicated to Vishnu. The temple consists of garbhagriha, antarala and an open pillared mandapa. The spire is in stepped pyramidal type. Vishnu in the form of Sri Venkateswaraswamy is housed and daily rituals are being carried out Two label inscriptions are reported from this temple, out of which one mentions name of certain devotee who was the son of Amgabokhala Konaya, and the second one simply mentions the date S'1812 Virodhi Vaisakha Su. 13, Induvara (Monday) which corresponds to 1890 A.D.

Shivalayarn: There is a Siva temple consisting of garbhagriha and antarala with small mandapa. Important sculptures such as Linga, Nandi and Ganesha are housed in the temple and are worshipped.

23 Temples, Inscriptions and Dargah of Bag Sawar Vemulavada Vemulavada 15th-17th C.A.D

Temples, Inscriptions and Dargah of Bag Sawar

Vemulawada is situated about 35 km to the west of Karimnagar. In the inscriptions Vemulawada is referred to as Lembulavataka, Lembulavade and Lembalavada. It was the capital of the Chalukyas of Vemulawada who ruled from 750 AD to 973 AD. This place is closely associated with famous Kannada poet Pampa, the author of Bharatha or Vikramarjunavijaya during the period of Arikesari II. The place has extensive remains of temples and sculptures.

The principal temples in Vemulawada are the following:
1) Raja Rajeswara temple
2) Baddegeswara now known as Bhimeswara temple
3) Adityagriha
4) Nagareswara

Rajarajeswara temple is the most popular among the above temples and it is popularly known as Vemulawada Rajarajeswara kshetram. Baddegesvara temple built by king Baddega (850-895 A.D) is the most important temple in Vemulawada showing a vigorous style of architecture in which the breadth of vision and loftiness of religious ideals are amply demonstrated. This temple is now known as Bhimeswara Temple. The temple is built on a high adistana consisting of garbhagriha, antarala and rnahamandapa. The garbhagriha contains four pillars inside and amidst them on a high pitha stands the Linga which is worshipped. The door jambs of garbhagriha are carved with Saiva Dwarapalas, female figures and Gajalaxmi motif on the lintel. The entire temple is within a beautiful stone prakara.

Dargah of Bag Sawar: In the court yard to the northeast of Rajarajeswara temple there is a tomb of Muslim saint. This tomb is called as Dargah of Bag Sawar and it is regarded as sacred by both Muslims and Hindus.

24 Dargah of Bagsawar(Respected by both Hindu & Muslim Vemulavada Vemulavada 17th - 18th C.A.D
25 Mosque, Fort, Masjid & Idgah Elgandal Karimnagar 17th C.A.D

Mosque, Fort, Masjid & Idgah

26 Kaleswara swamy Temple Kaleswaram Mahadevapur 11th C.A.D

Kaleswara swamy temple

27 Ancient Fort Kotilingala velgatoor 2ndB.C
28 Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy Temple Dharmapuri Dharmapuri 11th - 13 th CE

Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy Temple

Dharmapuri Village is situated on the banks of the river Godavari. The name of the village Dharmapuri is mentioned in the Kurkiyala inscription of Jinavallabha dating back to 945 CE as Dharmavura or Dharmapuramu. The village contains good number of ancient temples. The most important temple in Dharmapuri is Lakshmi Narasimhaswamy temple.

The old Narsimhaswamy temple which is popular one consists of a garbhalaya and 48 pillared mandapa. The idol of Lord Narsimhaswamy in the yoga form is housed in the garbhalaya for worship.

In front of the temple there is a highly polished four pillared kalyanamandapa of Kakatiya period. Typical Kakatiya Sculptures such as Matsya, Kurma, Varaha, dancing Siva etc. depicting several stories from Epics are carved on the pillars in typical Kakatiya style. The temple offers a lot of scope to understand the rich legacy of the region.

29 Shiva Temple (Trikuta) Vilasagar Boinpalli 13thCE

Shiva Temple (Trikuta)

Vilasagar in Boinpalli Mandal is situated at a distance of 25 km from Karimnagar. An inscription on a slab lying in the compound of the temple records the date as Saka Year 1224 and the name of the year Subhakrit which corresponds to 1302 A.D. The other details are not clear but the name of the family of the Malayala chiefs is mentioned here, who served under the Kakatiya rulers. There is a beautiful Trikuta temple facing east in the middle of the village. The temple consists of three shrines towards north, west and south followed by a common square mandapa with a porch on the east. The shrines are surmounted by the sikharas in stepped pyramidal form. All the three shrines are alike and housed with Sivalingas and each shrine consists of garbhagriha and an antarala. The doorway of the garbhagriha contains sakhas decorated with floral designs and lion motifs with a pilaster in the middle. The Saivite Dwarapalas flanked by female chowry-bearers are carved beneath the jambs. The Lalata contains Gajalakshmi motif.

30 Megalithic Burials Vastapur Raikal 10th C.B.C
31 Kesavardhana Panchamukha Lingeswara Trikuta Temple Raikal Raikal 13th CE

Kesavardhana Panchamukha Lingeswara Trikuta Temple

The Kesavardhana Panchamukha Lingeswara temple at Raikal Village stands to the east of the tank on an elevated adhistana. The temple is cruciform in plan. It has a square mandapa in the centre with three shrines projecting north, east and west, facing to south.

The western shrine is dedicated to Panchamukhalingeswara Swamy while northern shrine is dedicated to Kesavanatha and the eastern shrine is dedicated to Suryadeva. The three sikharas are of the curvilinear type and amalaka decoration. A flight of steps leads to portico with beautiful balustrade, which further leads to mandapa.

32 Early Historic Site Peddabonkur Peddapalli 2ndBCE - 2 ndCE

Early Historic site

An early historic site is reported to the west of Peddabonkur village in north – south direction adjacent to Karimnagar – Ramagundam highway near Husseni vagu nala datable to the Satavahana period (2nd century B.C to 2nd century A.D).

The excavations at Peddabonkur have revealed a Satavahana settlement with an approximate extent of 10 hectares, consisting of huge rectangular brick structures about 60x80 ft., in average. The people of Satavahana period constructed their wells with burnt wedge shaped brick. The excavations revealed, besides the above rectangular structures and wells, many cisterns, elliptical and apsidal houses, ring wells, soaking pits, covered drains etc.

The excavations also yielded thousands of Satavahana coins, Silver punch-marked coins, iron objects which included agricultural implements such as sickles, hoes, spades, plough shares, axes, adzes, revets, lamps, chains, rings, nails and weapons like arrowheads, knives, barbers knives, and daggers etc. The copper objects included dice and styluses, etc. Stone objects were saddle querns (no rotary or other modern querns), pestles, dabbers and sling balls. There was also a large collection of precious and semi-precious stone beads, micro pearls and dice. The material was cornelian, jasper, amethyst, lapis lazuli and crystal etc.

They traded with Roman Empire as indicated by the discovery of many Roman coins.

33 Sri Vasavi Andal Ranganatha Swamy Temple Dharmabad Peddapalli 17th CE

Sri Vasavi Andal Ranganatha Swamy Temple

A late medieval period Vaishnavite temple is located in Dharmabad. The temple consists of garbhagriha, antarala and sixteen pillared mandapa and a porch facing east. Image of Vishnu in the form of Ranganatha (reclining pose) is in the garbhalaya. There are two mandapas on either side, in front of the temple. It seems to be the temple and mandapa were construction during the Qutb Shahi period when Vaishnavism was spreading in Telangana region.

34 Trikuta Easwara Temple Thotlapally Bejjanki 14th-14th C.A.D
35 Bommalammagutta and Inscriptions Kurikial Gangadhara 10th CE

Bommalammagutta and Inscriptions

Bommalagutta or Bommalammagutta is located nearly 2 km to the south of Gangadhara in Kurikyala village. An excellent image of Chekresvari (Jain Sasanadevi in seated posture with eight hands) is flanked by lady attendants along with Jain Tirthankaras on either side in Kayotsrga pose, which is carved here. Above the image of Chekresvari, Adyanta Tirthankaras i.e., Vrishabha and Vardhamana are carved.

An inscription of Arekesari II (930-955 CE) of Chalukyas of Vemulawada is inscribed below the image of Chekresvari, which gives valuable information regarding the genealogy and the origin of Pampa, the great Kannada poet and author of Vikramarjunavijaya and Adipurana. This inscription is in three languages i.e., Sanskrit, Kannada and Telugu. The last three verses are in Telugu Kanda metre, which is the earliest of its kind in the Telugu language. Since the Bommalu (figures) are carved on this hillock, this hillock has got the name "Bommalagutta".

36 Buddhist Stupa Vadakapur Julapalli 2 ndCE

Buddhist Stupa

The Buddhist monastic complex at Vadkapur and Dhulikatta villages located on the right and left banks of Hussaini vagu lies at a distance of 30 krn from Karimnagar. The excavations brought to light a Buddhist Stupa, fortification walls etc. One of labels inscribed in Brahmi over a slab in this Stupa is Palaeographically datable to 2nd century B.C. The Stupa belonged to the Hinayana sect of Buddhism in which the anthropomorphic representation of Buddha was taboo. Here Buddha is showed in symbols such as his Chatra, Padukas, throne with Swastika, Pillar of fire etc.

The Stupa consists of lower pradakshana patha, circular drum with ayaka platforms on four cardinal directions i.e. on east, west, north and south and a dome. These ayaka platforms project from the main drum. This Stupa was beautified with carved lime stone slabs during the early Satavahna period and this embellishment is contemporary to the Barhut Stupa dated to the early Sunga period. Among the lime stone slabs Naga Muchilinda (a snake guarding the Buddha) is prominent.

Several other artifacts such as punch marked, Roman and Satavahana Coins, beads and bangles, combs made of ivory etc, were discovered during excavations. Prominent among the coins is a Portrait coin of Vasistiputra Siva Siri Pulamavi (2nd Century A.D) reported from the field season 1975-76.

The early historic site with gateways and fortification walls located in Dhulikatta is considered to be one of the 30 walled towns of Sathavahanas as mentioned by Pliny.