A Early historic site in Telangana state field season 2015-2016

Introduction:

The south, East region of Telangana, particularly the Nalgonda district, occupies a pivotal position on the archaeological map of Telangana. It attached the ancient man right from the prehistoric times, as it was endowed with hill ranges, isolated hills and traversed by rivers and rivulets. The hill ranges run through the Nalgonda, Devarakonda region extend upto the Khammam district in the north, eastern direction. The Nallapahad hill range bifurcate the above hill range after reaching the Dindi River and Peddavagu. The Rock formation in the region comprises of the peninsular granite complex with intrusion of hornblende epidiorite schist’s that occupy a major portion of the district. Basic dole rites, epidiorite dyes and quartz veins occur in crowded groups in the granite terrain. The area is drained by the river Krishna, Musi, Aler, Dindi, Halia, Kangal and Peddavagu. The land covers red morrum soil interspersed by patches of black cotton soils. The flora of the area consists of Euphorbia, thorny scrubs and dry grasses and green patches of mesophytictype, while the fauna includes jungle cat, the stripped hyena and jackal seen occasionally in the forests. The region abounds in many pre, proto and early historic sites. A good number of Paleolithic, Micro Lithic and Neolithic tool-kits were reported from the banks of the river Krishna. The early historic phase in the region begins with the advent of the Satavahana as it was attested by the epigraphically, numismatic and cultural material reported at places like Vardhamanukota, Yeleswaram, Arlagaddagudem etc.

Pajjuru and its environments:

Pajjuru village (70 07’E 79 65’N) lies on the left bank of the rivulet Peddavagu a tributary of the river Musi. The early historic site located plain area and is about 14 kms Nalgonda district and 120 kms from Hyderabad via Nakrekal and it is just 4 kms from Chandanapally, the Mandal Headquarters in Nalgonda district. At present, the rivulet Peddavagu flows 2 kms away from the habitation in North – south direction.